Question: What Is A Functional Group List Some Examples?

What is functional group isomerism give example?

Two or more compounds having the same molecular formula but different functional groups are called functional isomers and this phenomenon is termed as functional group isomerism.

For example, the molecular formula C3H6O represents an aldehyde and a ketone..

What is an isomer and example?

Isomers are molecules that have the same molecular formula, but have a different arrangement of the atoms in space. … For example, both of the following are the same molecule. They are not isomers. Both are butane.

What do all functional groups have in common?

In organic chemistry, a functional group is a specific group of atoms or bonds within a compound that is responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of that compound. The same functional group will behave in a similar fashion, by undergoing similar reactions, regardless of the compound of which it is a part.

What are the four functional groups?

Hydroxyl, sulfhydryl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino and phosphate groups.

What is an alcohol functional group?

An alcohol is an organic compound with a hydroxyl (OH) functional group on an aliphatic carbon atom. Because OH is the functional group of all alcohols, we often represent alcohols by the general formula ROH, where R is an alkyl group. Alcohols are common in nature.

Is Ch a functional group?

An Aldehyde is an organic compound containing a terminal carbonyl group. This functional group, which consists of a carbon atom which is bonded to a hydrogen atom and double-bonded to an oxygen atom (chemical formula O=CH-), is called the aldehyde group….The Concept of Functional Groups.CH3-CH3EthaneEtheneEthyne2 more rows

What are functional groups write two examples?

A functional group can participate in specific chemical reactions. Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl groups.

What are the functional groups?

Functional group: A group of atoms whose bonding is the same from molecule to molecule. A functional group has similar behavior regardless of the molecule that contains it, so molecules with identical functional groups tend to have similar chemical and physical properties.

What are the 8 functional groups?

Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules are shown above; they include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl (R-S-H). These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

What is a functional group simple definition?

Functional groups are groups of one or more atoms of distinctive chemical properties no matter what they are attached to. The atoms of functional groups are linked to each other and to the rest of the molecule by covalent bonds.

What is Metamerism with example?

Metamerism is a condition in which an organism forms or possesses a linear series of body segments. For example, in animals, metamerism is exhibited by earthworms. Their body is divided into segments or metameres. … The strict serial succession of metameres is particularly called homonymous metametry.

What does R mean in functional groups?

R group: An abbreviation for any group in which a carbon or hydrogen atom is attached to the rest of the molecule. … R is an abbreviation for radical, when the term radical applied to a portion of a complete molecule (not necessarily a free radical), such as a methyl group.

What are three types of isomers?

There are three types of structural isomers: chain isomers, functional group isomers and positional isomers. Chain isomers have the same molecular formula but different arrangements or branches. Functional group isomers have the same formula but different functional groups.

What is a functional group Class 10?

An atom or a group of atoms present in the molecules, which determines the characteristics property of the organic compounds, is called the functional group. Organic compound. Functional group.