Question: What Does Sam Mean In Cardiology?

What are the 4 types of malnutrition?

There are 4 broad sub-forms of undernutrition: wasting, stunting, underweight, and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals.

Undernutrition makes children in particular much more vulnerable to disease and death.

Low weight-for-height is known as wasting..

What is the difference between Sam and mam?

MAM is defined as MUAC < 12.5 cm, but ≥ 11.5 cm. Non-complicated SAM will be defined as MUAC < 11.5 cm, or + or ++ bilateral edema, and having an acceptable appetite. An acceptable appetite will be judged by giving the child 30 g of RUTF and asking the mother to feed this food to the child over 20 minutes.

What is the meaning of Sam in Arabic?

When spelled in English, it can be spelled as Samy or Sammy and often mistakenly confused as the abbreviated English name Sammy. Sami can be an Arabic name meaning “elevated” (الرفعة) or “sublime”. … The feminine version of this name in Arabic is Samiya or Samia (سامِيَة).

What is Lvot gradient?

The LVOT gradient was calculated as the difference between the peak left ventricular systolic pressure and the peak central aortic pressure.

How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy detected?

Echocardiogram. An echocardiogram is commonly used to diagnose hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This test uses sound waves (ultrasound) to see if your heart’s muscle is abnormally thick. It also shows how well your heart’s chambers and valves are pumping blood.

How is wasting calculated?

The percentage of children stunted, wasted, and underweight are equal to the specific numerators divided by the appropriate denominators and multiplied by 100. The mean z-scores are equal to the numerator divided by the appropriate denominator.

What is Sam in medical terms?

Systolic anterior motion (SAM) describes the dynamic movement of the mitral valve (MV) during systole anteriorly towards the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT).

What is chordal Sam?

Chordal SAM was defined as systolic anterior motion involving only the chordae tendineae (Fig. 2) [31]. The LVOT area was calculated from the length of the LOVT in the parasternal long- axis view at early systole.

What is SAM and MAM in nutrition?

Globally, approximately 33 million children under five years of age are affected by moderate acute malnutrition (MAM), defined as a weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) between -2 and -3, and at least 19 million children under five by severe acute malnutrition (SAM), defined as a WHZ of <-3.

What does Sam stand for?

System for Award ManagementSystem for Award Management (SAM) | US Department of Transportation.

What is Lvot obstruction?

Abstract. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the single most common form of inherited heart disease. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is a recognised feature of this condition which arises when blood leaving the outflow tract is impeded by systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve.

What causes Sam?

Predisposing factors that cause SAM are (1) excessive anterior or posterior leaflet tissue; (2) any anatomical or surgical translocation of the mitral valve anteriorly; (3) aortomitral angle <120° (Figure 1; Supplementary Clip 1); (4) pathological or post-surgical correction elongation of the anterior leaflet; (5) ...

What is Sam in Hocm?

Systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve was first reported as a feature of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in the late 1960s. … The haemodynamic consequences of outflow obstruc- tion due to SAM include prolongation of systolic ejection and reduction in stroke volume.

What is Sam on Echo?

The systolic anterior motion (SAM) of valve structures in the mitral echogram in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has previously been considered to be anterior motion and re‐opening of mitral valve leaflets, causing left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction and mitral regurgitation.

What is mean of Sam?

Hebrew. Short for Samuel or Samantha, from the Biblical name Shemu’el, which means “God has heard”, from the Hebrew shama, meaning “heard” and el, meaning “God”.

Why does Hocm increase with Valsalva?

The murmur of HOCM becomes quite loud with Valsalva maneuver. This maneuver effectively acts to decrease left ventricular filling, which results in worsened left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in patients with HOCM, making the murmur louder.

What does Lvot mean?

left ventricular outflow tractMorgan ◉ et al. The left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) view (or five chamber view) is one of the standard views in a fetal echocardiogram. It is a long axis view of the heart, highlighting the path from the left ventricle into the ascending aorta (left ventricle outflow tract).